International Day for the Eradication of Poverty, October 17, 2012


At the Millennium Summit in September 2000, world leaders committed themselves to cutting by half by the year 2015 the number of people living in extreme poverty - people whose income is less than one dollar a day. Nevertheless, good intentions seem to erode.

The theme for this year’s International Day for the Eradication of Poverty -- “Working together out of poverty” -- highlights the need for a truly global anti-poverty alliance, one in which both developed and developing countries participate actively.

Abolishing the extremes of poverty and wealth
From the Bahá'í perspective

The unity of humankind foreseen by Bahá'u'lláh is unity based on justice. One of the most striking examples of injustice in the world today is the grave imbalance in economic and material conditions. A relatively small percentage of humankind has immense wealth, while the majority of the world's population lives in dire poverty and misery. This imbalance exists both within nations and between nations. Moreover, the gap that separates rich and poor continues to widen, which indicates that existing economic systems are incapable of restoring a just balance.

A satisfactory solution to the world's present economic crisis lies in a profound change of heart and mind which only religion can produce. The prevailing materialistic assumptions about economic development reflect a profound error of conception about human nature itself. "The fundamentals of the whole economic condition are divine in nature and are associated with the world of the heart and spirit..." "The disease which afflicts the body politic is lack of love and absence of altruism..."

Bahá'u'lláh asserted that economic injustice is a moral evil and as such is condemned by God. In particular, He warned:

The poor in your midst are My trust; guard ye My trust, and be not intent only on your own ease.”
The human and material resources at our disposal must be used for the long-term good of all, not for the short-term advantage of a few. This can be done only if cooperation becomes the basis of organised economic activity. Cooperation gives life to society just as the life of an organism is maintained by the cooperation of the various elements of which it is composed:

“...the base of life is this mutual aid and helpfulness, and the cause of destruction and non-existence would be the interruption of this mutual assistance. The more the world aspires to civilisation the more this important matter of cooperation becomes manifest.”

The economic principles taught by Bahá'u'lláh do not imply that all individuals should receive the same income. There are natural differences in human needs and capacities, and some categories of service to society merit greater recompense than others.

However, all degrees of income should be established within absolute limits. There must be, on the one hand, a minimum income level that meets the basic needs for human well-being and of which all are assured. If, for whatever reason (incapacity or other misfortune), individuals are unable to meet their essential needs, they would be assisted by community institutions. On the other hand, there should be an absolute maximum income level that would prevent extreme accumulations of wealth.

In short, the Bahá'í teachings envision that economic justice and prosperity will come about only when the essential connection between the spiritual and practical aspects of life is recognised.

Contributed by the Bahá’í Faith - Seychelles