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Geography of Seychelles |15 May 2013

The Seychelles archipelago consists of 115 islands, of which 76 are coralline and the remaining are granitic. The main part of the archipelago is situated between 4 and 5 degrees South of the Equator at a longitude between 55 and 56 degrees east, allowing  it to enjoy a favorable climate. But Seychelles is also lucky to be situated in a zone free from cyclones.   

All the main islands are granitic and Mahe is the principal island (153 skm) with 80% of the total population). 

The coralline islands are low averaging 1.5 meters above sea level and seldom exceed 9 to 15 meters in height Supplies of fresh water are scarce and settlements are small with rarely more than a hundred people. Many of these islands serve as rookeries for large bird population.

In contrast the granitic islands rise from the sea to altitudes of 600 to 1000m. The topography is rugged with outcrops of huge boulders. Fresh water is provided by surface streams. 
Most islands are covered in luxuriant and verdant vegetation. White sandy beaches surrounding the islands are natural features of the Seychelles archipelago.

 Seychelles’ 115 granite and coral islands extend from between 4 and 10 degrees south of the Equator and lie between 480km and 1,600km from the east coast of Africa in the western Indian Ocean.

This Indian Ocean republic occupies a land area of 455 km² and an Exclusive Economic Zone of 1.4 million km². It represents an archipelago of timeless beauty, tranquillity and harmony that is famous for its world-beating beaches and for its great diversity which rolls from lush forests down to the warm azure ocean.

Of these 115 islands, 41 Inner Islands constitute the oldest mid-oceanic granite islands on earth while a further 74 form the 5 groups of low-lying coral atolls and reef islets that are the Outer Islands.

Seychelles is home to no less than two UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the legendary Vallée de Mai on Praslin where the wondrously shaped Coco-de-mer nut grows high on ancient palms and fabled Aldabra, the world’s largest raised coral atoll, first seen by early Arab seafarers of the 9th century A.D.

Seychelles, one of the world’s very last frontiers, promises adventure and breathtaking natural beauty in pristine surrounds still untouched by man.

Economy Zone of around 1.3 million Square kilometers.


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